person_outline
EN FI FR DE IT PL PT ES SV TR

Filtrer et rechercher

Référence

Objectif

Domaine du programme

Âge des étudiants

Auteur

Enseigner aux élèves 8 - Ans de 13 chez qui on a diagnostiqué l'autisme

Notre école aide les élèves atteints de troubles du spectre autistique (TSA) en les associant à un groupe offrant un soutien en ressources. Le support de ressources inclut non seulement le processus d’apprentissage régulier et les enseignants en fonction du programme d’enseignement, mais également un enseignant-ressource, un logopédiste et un psychologue spécialement affecté à cette tâche. Les étudiants sont 4 et vont de 1st à 4th. Tous ont des troubles de la parole, y compris l'inarticulation, l'incapacité de former des mots ou des syllabes, un traitement verbal fortement altéré. Tous ont des défis intellectuels pour leur groupe d'âge. Leur programme éducatif est attribué individuellement et comprend des plans individuels et des régimes d’enseignement.

Information additionnelle

Objectif:
Inclus dans l'école / la société
Âge des étudiants:
8, 13
Domaine du programme:
L'alphabétisation
Période de l'année:
Toute l'année
Description étape par étape, y compris les actions à développer pour la préparation et la mise en œuvre:
The special program includes individually scheduled appointments with their teachers who collaborate closely with the specialist from the “Team for personal development support” The educational material is adapted according to their abilities while in the same time improvement in every step of the process is sought. Much attention is paid to the development and improvement of the fine motor skills using different techniques. One such technique which gives promising results is playing with paper – cutting, puncturing, squeezing and tearing paper. Space and time orientation and motor coordination are improved by rhythmic exercises involving lower and upper limbs – foot stamping, back and forth leg movement, walking, punching, different arm exercises, hand clamping etc. Both teachers and the specialists try to follow the students’ specific needs, use their language and encourage their positive results. The teachers need to be very patient and willing to help while constantly adapting different techniques for easy learning of the special material in the individual educational program. In order to achieve better results every task is presented in a form of specific instruction, composed of small steps, which are then repeated until the students follow the idea and develop the needed skill. Often this process requires not only saying but also repeatedly acting what needs to be done. The learning through acting algorithm is a good tool for easier forming of different skills. Stimulating students’ interest is crucial for the effectiveness of the educational process. The ASD students often have strong interest or passion towards specific theme or object – cars, animals, cubes etc. Teachers often use such strong theme or object interests as an appropriate link to the learning material. Finding that special interest or passion is a priority as this helps the student to learn better through his own specific interest. Encouragement is a very important aspect of whole process. All efforts are vigorously encouraged using different prizes (verbal and material - stickers, stamps etc.) Encouragements proved to be an effective way for achieving the desired behavioral and educational standards in ASD students. Encouragements and other “problem behavior alternatives” successfully replace punishment and prohibition measures. What initially may seem as a small success is actually a big achievement for ASD students. They are orientated in the school’s environment. They may not be able to name an object, but they are familiar what it is for and how to use it. They are familiar with the names and appearance of the fruits and vegetables, the basic vehicles and human body parts. They understand short questions and instructions and successfully deal with different tasks. They know and distinguish letters and numbers, compare smaller and upper case letters, form syllables and short words using models, schemes, pictures and puzzles. They learned how to write letters using templates, sketch models and dotted lines. They distinguish letters from other graphical signs. They understand short questions and give reasonable non-verbal answers. The students learned how to group objects according to a specific attribute and some of them know how to exclude an object which differs from the group. Some of the students have knowledge to the numbers up to 10, others up to 20 – they know them, count them and know how to write them. One of the students performs simple arithmetics using a calculator and the others with the help of appropriate didactic tools. They ASD students are familiar with the basic geometrical shapes and distinguish their forms in the surroundings. They are able to find out shapes with specific forms. The students maintain the needed personal hygiene habits - while using the toilet, when washing and eating. The proper organization of the environment is an important aspect supporting the good learning process of the ASD students. Structuring the environment with visual schemes gives these students a lot of comfort. The whole process organization regarding the ASD students relies on the close support and collaboration between the families and the specialist teachers.
Ressources à utiliser, y compris les ressources humaines, les matériaux et les espaces:
ressources humaines - enseignants, orthophoniste, psychologue, assistant enseignant, bureaux spécialisés pour enfants ayant des difficultés d'apprentissage, travaillant avec les parents et la famille, matériel didactique spécialisé
Difficultés rencontrées lors de sa mise en œuvre:
1. Formation pour enseignants spécialisés dans la pédagogie du PS et des collèges, pour travailler avec des enfants ayant des besoins spéciaux 2. Financement par le ministère de l'éducation pour la mise en place de salles de classe spéciales pour l'enseignement des élèves ayant des besoins spéciaux. 3. Un soutien plus efficace de différents types d'institutions.
La page web officielle de la bonne pratique:
www.astrashimirovbs.com
Connectez-vous pour écrire des commentaires

Associé

Le soutien de la Commission européenne à la production de cette publication ne constitue en aucun cas une approbation de son contenu, qui ne reflète que l’opinion de ses auteurs, et la Commission ne peut être tenue responsable de l’utilisation des informations contenues dans cette publication.

Pas de connexion Internet